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Addison 1946 Model 5D Red Catalin

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Free Addison Radio Schematics and Owners Service Manuals For All Models By Clicking On HERE

Comes With Full Schematic and other service information including tuning & parts list. Deep Red Marbled & butterscotch vein throughout Case-Great Butterscotch Trim-Blue Green Dial with even butterscotch propeller knobs. 5 Octal Tube Line Up. Model is Addison Industries 5 or 5D with a R5A3 internal chassis. This Model Only Made in Toronto Canada in 1946-47. Radio Runs Perfect and 120 VAC. Outside Dimensions are D7" X H9" X W12.75" Since all true Catalin, extremely beautiful, rare and collectible. {Only $4,630 USD with FED EX AIR Included Item #E050934}


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Addison Dial Catalin is a thermo set plastic made from either phenol, melamine or urea formaldehyde, that normally has no fillers.  It can be reworked and is usually very colorful.  Catalin is also very translucent. All Catalin products, especially radios, are and continue to be, the "hottest" Art Deco collector antiques.

When the patent for bakelite expired in 1927, the patent was acquired by the Catalin Corporation in the same year.  The Catalin Corporation is thought to be responsible for nearly 70% of the phenol resins available today - thus the statement that most bakelite jewelry sold is actually catalin.  Catalin jewelry production continued through the 1930s and 40s in abundance.  With the introduction of lucite in the 1950s, the production of vintage catalin jewelry effectively ceased in the 1960s, although it is still possible to get reworked pieces which were manufactured much later than this date.

What is Bakelite?

Bakelite is the trade name for plastics produced by Bakelite Ltd. in England and Bakelite Corp. in America. It still refers to these materials but is frequently used as a generic name for phenol formaldehyde (Phenolic). Phenolic is usually reinforced with a filler (inert) material added to a polymer to improve its properties. Usually in powder or fibre form such as wood, pulp, cotton flock and talc) but cast phenolic has no filler and can be translucent.  It can be easily colored and was used decoratively for jewelry, radio cabinets and all kinds of ornaments.

Bakelite and other plastics during the 1930s have a great effect on most of today's products. We can no longer work and live without plastics.  But why was the era of the depression the best time to conquer the USA and the rest of the world with Bakelite and other kinds of plastics?  The plastics that were appearing more widely during the 1930s, from steering wheels and tableware to dice, reflected organized research efforts within a commercial framework. Modern technology and its products needed to be "sold," as they were in part through design. The Du Pont Company developed the most important of the new multiple-use-plastics - nylon, number 66 of nearly 100 "super polymers" produced by a special research team.  Nylon soon replaced silk in women's stockings; catgut in tennis rackets, musical instruments, and surgery; steel in machine bearings; and varying materials in wire insulation, umbrellas, and parachutes.

During the 1930s the USA was one of the leading nations with the development of plastics.  Nylon opened as a new plastic product a wide range of possibilities for new products.  But Bakelite was also a product, even older than nylon, which still conquered new parts of the market after twenty years after its invention.  During the 1920s and specially during the 1930s, Americans viewed plastics as miracle materials from which to shape contours of a desired future. Such early plastics as celluloid and Bakelite shared in a mystique generated by the chemical industry.

Lots of Americans had the feeling that chemists would indeed "make a new world by creating new substances out of anything." Popular magazines and books mostly described plastic during the 1920s and 1930s as a product of utopian magic, creating an artificial world of transcendent beauty and perfection from earth's commonest elements. Even "Fortune", the nation's most intellectual business journal, entitled a 1936 review of the plastics industry with a biblically resonant phrase: "What Man Has Joined Together..."

The magic of the plastics such as Bakelite was, in fact, the beginning of a new era. Plastic material, and Bakelite as well, made a lot possible in producing new products. Bakelite was also known as "the material of the thousand uses"

The year 1927 was, in fact, the turning point in the use of Bakelite, this because of the fact that real competition with the Bakelite material was now possible, since the Bakelite patent on phenol-formaldehyde resin expired. So, after 1927 the competition with Bakelite products began. The end on the patent on Bakelite was only one of the factors which contributed to the success of Bakelite and other plastics in consumer goods during the 1920s and 1930s. The increased competition between Bakelite material suppliers, the development of other plastics, but also the design (streamlining) made Bakelite more cheaper than ever before. Bakelite became one of the best substitutes for traditional materials. It was also cheaper than traditional materials like wood and stee and in various situations just as strong.

On the other hand, Bakelite and all the other plastics did not require much hand labor for assembling and the finishing touch of the end product. Every Bakelite product could be given the color of your choice, which was not the case with wood and steel. But black and brown Bakelite were the most commonly used colors during the 1930s. Furthermore, the machines that were used to produce Bakelite products could be equipped with standard equipment, this also made a Bakelite product cheaper.

By using the standard equipment of Bakelite machines you could make an endless variety of Bakelite forms, for instance, various Bakelite radio cases.  Bakelite was often used to imitate wooden materials and products, for instance, radio cases, cigarette boxes, lamp cases, and so on. In the wealthy part of the American society there was some resistance against Bakelite, for it was seen as cheap and nasty.  This vision and reputation of Bakelite was made possible because other plastics were not well-used in products before. So, in fact, Bakelite had an unfair reputation in the more wealthy parts of American society. The Bakelite Corporation led the way in convincing manufactures to beautify products with plastic.

In the case of the radio, Bakelite was seen as a good substitute for wood. Wood was often used by the wealthy part of American society.  But the imitation of wood by Bakelite was almost perfect. The best thing of all was that a Bakelite radio was much cheaper than a radio with a wooden case. Mostly during the depression of the 1930s, Bakelite material made it possible for everyone to buy a radio for just $10 instead of hundreds of dollars for a radio with a wooden case.

During 1933 an 1934 "Modern Plastics and Sales Management" ran a series of advertisements focusing on individual designers and their Bakelite products. Each ad featured a single product, each contained a small photograph and capsule biography touting the designer as a celebrity, and each quoted the great man himself on the virtues of modern design.

Bakelite and other plastics could do more than only to be cheap. Design, styling and coloring was very easy with Bakelite and other plastics.  In fact, the relationship between the plastics industry and design was symbiotic. As "Business Week" awkwardly phrased it in 1935, "modernistic trends have greatly boosted the use of plastics in buildings, furniture and decoration, and contrariwise, plastics by their beauty have boosted modernism"

Bakelite and plastics were and still are a very good material for streamlined design and styling. The 1930s were struck by streamlined design and styling.  Low, sculptural, and flowing, streamlined design reflected the American desire for a frictionless flight into a future whose rounded forms would provide a protective, harmonious environment.

Rounded contours also brought out the reflective beauty of glossy plastic.  In fact, plastics and streamlining reinforced each other.

Art Deco, on the other hand, influenced many Bakelite products by design.  Because of the depression a lot of people began thinking of new ideas to bring the economy back to life.  In fact, Bakelite and other plastics were "made" for the depression.  Many people thought that the design of products was one of the things that could make products more attractive to people so they could buy them.

  Bakelite and other plastics were very good materials for using it with design and styling. But not only design and styling of products could attract people starting to buy new goods. Products had to be made affordable. Bakelite and other kinds of plastics were made for this task, they were cheap, became attractive substitutes for traditional materials, needed less hand labor than other materials and were beautiful as well. For instance, Bakelite cases of radios popped out of the machine, colored and well, as one single unit. In other words, Bakelite and other plastics became materials with a very strong competitive character.

It was possible during the 1930s with different kinds of plastics and Bakelite material to compete with the traditional materials like wood and steel. Bakelite material was and still is very strong and durable. During the 1930s there were a lot of individual designers who designed Bakelite products. A lot of these Bakelite products (radios, pens, fans, coffee grinders, shavers, lamps, etc.) were sold in support of huge advertisement campaigns.

The radio was, in fact, the biggest advertisement of Bakelite and plastics in general in the USA during the 1930s.  At the end of the 1930s in the USA, radios became a real fashion item. Thousands of small radio cabinets were made of decorative unfilled cast phenolic (Catalin or Marblette).

The choice of colors was endless: onyx, marble, jade, coral, rose quartz. The size of these radios reflected the development of smaller components, and the material, unsuitable for larger moldings was easy to work on standard equipment into an endless variety of forms.

The radio was also made very important by US president F.D. Roosevelt.  He used the radio frequently, by sending messages via this medium to the American people.  Although there was a depression, many Americans could afford a radio at their home because Bakelite was cheap and very competitive with other traditional materials like wood and steel.  Bakelite and other plastics changed a lifestyle during the 1930s.  Bakelite and other plastic products, just as today, were and still are very useful.  At that time it was very certain the era after the "Machine Age" could bare only one name: "The Plastic Age."



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